English Health

Suicide – a Mental Decay

इस लेख को हिंदी में पढ़ें

Overview

  • Every 7th or 8th person in the world as well as in India is suffering from mental disorders.
  • 15% of the total global mental, neurological and substance abuse patients come from India.
  • In India, one person commits suicide within every 4 minutes. (as in 2016)
  • Maximum number of people, who commit suicide in India, age between 15 to 29 years.

Table of contents

  1. Suicide
    1. Psychological Reasons and Interpretations
    2. Major Causes
  2. Mental Health
    1. Concerns
    2. WHO Reports
  3. Literacy vs Social Awareness
    1. Myths and Myth-Busters
  4. When the Risk is On Peak?
    1. Age-Group & Gender
  5. Endnote

1. Suicide

Before and After follow each other!

Lao Tzu

It always starts with a common depression, following anxiety and irritation. These depression and anxiety further becomes a habit as the days roll ahead. Although, it can be compromised by others yet the things start getting weird as these habits begin dominating over the person. All this happens at a pace so that the patient can’t foresee it.

Yes, we are talking about one of the highly neglected but highly severe problems of human society – mental disorders. Continuous depression, following anxiety and irritation are the early stages of these disorders. 

As per the World Health Organization (WHO), every 7th or 8th person in the world is suffering from a mental illness. They can become dangerous for someone before he’s able to recognize it as a disorder. The scary aspect is that they grow very slowly and change the habit of the victim. This is like some addiction which is very difficult to get rid of. If it continues for years, a patient becomes desperate and restless even in the normal situations. Even the slightest of imperfection can bother him. The obsession of making the things best and managing them is another symptom of this. It is known as Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). 

This obsession becomes a cause of perpetual anxiety for the victims. Any failure to fulfill their deeds is clearly reflected in their hopeless talks and any social interactions. Further, it’s also seen that gradually, they start being reserved with themselves. They turn introvert.

All these are termed as the warning signs which get released automatically without the consciousness of the patient. But, how unfortunate we are that most of the time we never recognize these problems at all!

Suicide is a nightmare, which is a result of the sequential happenings of those mental disorders, which are not even recognize as a disorder!

These obsessions and hopelessness affect some people in such a severe manner that they start feeling done with life. It is the same early depression that becomes so much dominant over the years.  Ultimately the victim find only one path to get rid of this hustle, which is suicide

All the things are actually interlinked, and hence whatever comes into sight, suddenly, is actually the resultant of a sequence of the incidents that are left unseen, just like a sudden news of suicide!!

The recent news of suicide of actor Sushant Singh Rajpoot forced our team to analyses the topic of mental health and suicide from scratch! On the same note, after analyzing the suicide data (2001-12), collected from the data portal of Government of India, data.gov.in, we found that the number of suicides have increased over the years.

Suicide cases chart
Aggregate number of suicide of all categories (2001-12)

If we talk about the number of states in various states, our team found that Maharastra has reported the maximum number of suicides i.e. 901945. This distribution can be seen in the  following map:

Suicide cases map
Suicide cases recorded in various states (2001-12)

It is very scary to see how rapidly the number of suicides is increasing in the country. It compelled us to work dive deeper into the problem i.e. Mental Health and figure out why people commit suicide!

1.1. Psychological Reasons and Interpretations

Suicide is not a sudden reaction. Actually it is the last nightmare of that mental disorder which is not even considered as a problem, in many of the cases.

As per the data collected from the data.gov.in, the total suicide cases are classified into following 5 different parts. All these parts refer to some specific kind of the information related to the person, who has committed the suicide.

  • Profession (1439243 cases): Tells about the profession of the person
  • Causes (1440974 cases): Tells about the most probable reason behind the suicide.
  • Educational Status (1455931 cases): Tells about his/her educational qualification
  • Means Adopted (1455931 cases): Specifies the way how he/she commit suicide.
  • Social Status (1455931 cases): Gives the information about social/marital status.

After going deeper, we find that the decision of committing the suicide depends upon many factors. These factors convey certain details about those people who committed suicide during 2001-12. These information include how qualified the people were?, what their profession or social status was?, and a lot more. 

1.2. Major Causes

The following bar chart talks about the major reasons which drive someone to commit suicide.

cause of suicide
Few main causes of suicide

From the above visuals, it is clear that the family problems are the major reason for this extreme step taken by the people. Exploring this data even further, it’s found that in most of the cases people commit suicide by hanging.

Means Adopted for SuicideTotal Cases (2001-2012)
By Hanging460955
By Consuming Poison231178
By Self Burning128006
By Drowning96711
By coming under running vehicles/trains45299
Few most common means adopted for Self-Killing

It is obvious that to make such an arrangement, a person needs a lot of the private time, alone. This indicates, one who is about to commit the suicide starts detaching himself from the society. This loneliness is one of the most common symptoms for depression. These can be seen as the signs, released by a person knowingly or unknowingly, who is about to suicide.

A suicidal person can be counseled once he/she is identified. The scarcity of good psychological consultants worsens the situation.

2. Mental Health

Depression and anxiety are the most common psychological disorders. Once depression grabs the man perfectly, the severe mental disorders start turning up. These problems may include conduct disorder, personality traits of aggression as well as the rare diseases like Schizophrenia.

According to a report by the WHO, mental health are  a few of the least considered disorders, worldwide. Mostly, the situations become complex only due to not giving the proper attention to the patients. In fact, there are a lot of the myths and rumors resisting people to consider any such disorder as a mental health issue.

2.1. Concerns

In India alone, around 7.5% of the total population is suffering from any type of the mental disorder – claims a WHO report.

The studies show that around 14.4% of females and 14.2% males are suffering from any of the mental illnesses. These patients include idiopathic developmental intellectual disability & depressive disorders as most frequent disorders. Whereas, some rare ones like eating disorders and schizophrenia are also found in a few patients. This whole study was done in 2017.

This complete research can be found here.

2.2. WHO Reports

Out of every 6 health problems, 1 is mental illness. Also, India has as few as only 4000 experts for their treatment. It turns out that for every 1 lakh of population Kerala has around 1.2 psychiatrists, whereas Madhya Pradesh has merely 0.05 experts.

It also says that 1 of every 5 children is mentally weak. These mental disorders are most likely to affect at an early age of 14.

1 person commits suicide in every 40 seconds in the whole world, whereas in India, this happens within every 4 minutes.

One the most alarming thing is that – roughly 800 000 people suicide every year. This generally means that in every 40 seconds at least 1 person commits suicide. According to our studies, the same happens within every 4 minutes, in India.

3. Literacy vs Social Awareness

A lot of the people are suffering from stress and depression. It is found that due to anxiety disorders, the Global economy loses around $1 trillion, yearly. Neither the victims nor their colleagues know how to tackle it. Insomnia and long working hours also cause depression.

On one hand education brings more responsibility and pressure while on the other hand it also brings skills to solve them. We analysed the education level of victims. It was found that as the education status increases and the people grow matured, they become better at stress management.

Educational status of those who committed suicide
Educational status of those who committed suicide

3.1 Myths and Myth-Busters

Due to the non-awareness there reside a lot of  myths in the society. These myths have also worsened the situation in another part of the world. More than half of the total countries in the world do not have proper mental health policies and plans. In many of these countries the human rights of mentally disturbed people are also compromised. Several myths often play a key role in this. In many cases people prefer to visit some baba instead of a psychologist under the influence of such myths. Two major reasons behind the social acceptance of such rumors are illiteracy & lack of psychiatric consultancy

We have also tried to group the victims on the basis of their profession, who committed the suicide during 2001-12. 

This attempt led us to the following results: 

profession wise suicide cases

Here, we see that after the house-wives, farmers are most likely to commit suicide. The fact is well known that most of the farmers in India come from the rural areas, which often lack good hospitals and education infrastructures.

Illiteracy gives birth to the blind-faith. Rather than considering any mental disorder as a treatable illness, people start considering it as some supernatural attack. 

Sometimes, these myths even lead to the murder of victims.. 

4. When the Risk is On Peak?

In the upcoming part of this section, we have tried to figure out the age when one really needs a proper direction and guidance, along with an emotional support. In absence of it, a person may turn suicidal. 

4.1. Age-Group & Gender

Here we have tried to divide the total number of the cases on the basis of their age groups and gender. 

Let’s have a look on the following graph –

Age-Group & Gender wise classification of total suicide cases, respectively

Among the suicide victims we have analyzed, around 64.1% are men and 34.9% are women. Along with this, it is really very unfortunate that the maximum number of the young population (15-29 years ) is attempting suicides in the country (shaded red). During the teenage, life takes a big turn. Teenagers need more attention because of this.

India, being the second highly populated country holds the largest population of the young citizens i.e. 356 million (26.8% of its total population), worldwide. If we look from a positive side, we find that India along with these young people, holds a golden opportunity to develop even more and rapidly. But, on the other hand, the above stats are really alarming!

Due to the various family issues including early marriage, illiteracy and financial crisis the future of the country is somehow appearing to be in dark. India must take the right step in order to save these lives by focusing towards their counseling during teenage. 

A country, whose 66% of population comes from rural areas, must focus to avail the proper and quality education to them. India also needs to develop a proper social awareness among the people in order to beat the myths about the mental disorders and let the youth stay out of stress.

5. Endnote

After this whole study, one can clearly find that the rural India and the youth population of the country is highly affected with mental illness. A country that witnesses a wide range of total world’s reported mental disorder cases, must re-evaluate it’s mental health policy. It is so because the youth population holds vast opportunities to accelerate the growth of the whole world. A country that is considered to be first to put the foundation of a University (Takshashila) never deserves to vanish illiterate. A country that has given the supreme think-tanks including Buddha & Vivekanand can not die of the mental-disorders. 

This study brought our team to a conclusion that with literacy, the chances of the suicide decrease. We need good treatment and awareness towards mental health in order to maintain peace and hope in the life of citizens. People need good quality consultancy. Coordination among the families is also important as ‘family problems’ are the biggest reason behind the suicides. Proper attention and guidance for teenagers is also important in lowering the suicide rates.

This is the time to learn from the past in order to frame our future better, because Lao Tzu says – “Before and After follow each other!”

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